Sexual Assault and Addiction

Sexual assaults regularly occur against women, men and children, and these traumatic events can have long-lasting effects on a victim’s emotional and psychological health. Drug addiction can increase the risk of being a victim, and extreme scenarios may find addicts trading sex for drugs. Likewise, the risk of substance abuse is significantly higher for sexual assault victims, who often turn to drugs and alcohol to deal with the traumatic aftermath. Sexual Assault Statistics The Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN) provides alarming US statistics on sexual assaults, including...

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How Naloxone Saves Lives

Naloxone is a drug used to treat opiate and opioid overdose like to Valium. Opiates are drugs derived from the opium poppy like morphine and heroin. Opioids are synthetic but chemically similar drugs like oxycodone and hydrocodone. Agonist and Antagonist Drugs Medications often produce their effects by altering the way in which neurotransmitters work in the body. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that help nerve cells communicate. Neurotransmitters bind with specific sites on receptor cells. Drugs may affect neurotransmitters by functioning as agonists or antagonists. Agonists mimic...

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What Is a Downer?

All psychoactive drugs share commonalities, but they differ in their primary effects. A website associated with George Mason University notes that drugs can be broadly categorized as uppers, downers or all-arounders. Uppers are stimulants, and all-arounders are hallucinogenic drugs. Downers are drugs that cause sedation, emotional disinhibition, drowsiness and muscle relaxation. They slow down body processes (thus the name) and depress the central nervous system (CNS). They may also be known as depressants. A wide variety of commonly used substances are in this category. Common Downer...

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How Is Scientific Research Helping Our Understanding of Addiction?

Addiction was once considered a moral failing, and overcoming it simply a matter of willpower. The advent of brain imaging and the dedication of research attention to the problem has led to the understanding that substance addiction is a brain disease with complex genetic, biological and environmental components. Ongoing research is continuing to clarify the mechanism by which individual substances cause dependence, to deepen understanding of risk factors and to develop new medications and treatment protocols. Genetics and Epigenetics   Researchers agree that there is a genetic component...

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Valium’s Effect on Serotonin

Valium is the prescription name for diazepam, a benzodiazepine mainly used to treat abnormal anxiety, muscle spasms and seizures. This drug enhances the function of certain neurotransmitters, so people who struggle with anxiety can take it to normalize their neurotransmitters that cause stress. Valium does not directly affect serotonin, a neurotransmitter, but it does indirectly affect this chemical. How Valium Works Valium works in the brain by strengthening the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). GABA is often referred to as the brain’s natural tranquilizer, because it...

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Three Myths About Valium

Valium is a prescription medication used primarily to treat anxiety, seizures, muscle spasms and other physical ailments. It is a CNS (central nervous system) depressant, which means that it slows the body’s main systems including heart rate and breathing. Unfortunately, people who take Valium believe myths about it, myths that could be harmful to their physical and emotional health. Myths about Valium include: Valium is safe because a doctor prescribed it. A person can become addicted to any drug, regardless of whether the drug is legal or illicit. The legal status of a drug does not...

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